Brahmagupta was an Indian mathematician, born in AD in Bhinmal, a state of Rajhastan, India. He spent most of his life in Bhinmal which was under the rule. Brahmagupta, (born —died c. , possibly Bhillamala [modern Bhinmal], Rajasthan, India), one of the most accomplished of the ancient Indian astronomers. Brahmagupta was a famous mathematician and astronomer who lived in seventh century India. His ideas were so profound that they still influence.

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Addition was indicated by placing the numbers side by side, subtraction by placing a dot over the subtrahend, and division by placing the divisor below the dividend, similar to our notation but braymagupta the bar. Aryabhataastronomer and the earliest Indian mathematician whose work and history are available to modern scholars.

Brahmagupta Biography – Childhood, Life Achievements & Timeline

Inasmuch as Brahmagupta used some of the same examples as Diophantus, we see again the likelihood of Greek influence in India – or the possibility that they both made use of a common source, possibly from Babylonia.

The book boography written in arya-meter comprising verses and 24 chapters. The kingdom of Bhillamala seems to have been annihilated but Ujjain repulsed the attacks. That is, he sought whole numbers x and y such that brahkagupta x 2 …. Brahmagupta was a highly accomplished ancient Indian astronomer and mathematician.

Indian astronomic material circulated widely for centuries, even passing into medieval Latin texts. Prithudaka Svamin wrote commentaries on both of his works, rendering difficult verses into simpler language and adding illustrations. He further gives a theorem on rational triangles. Each yuga is progressively shorter than the preceding one, corresponding to a decline in the moral and physical state of humanity.

Views Read Edit View history. All articles lacking reliable references Articles lacking reliable references from November Use dmy dates from June Articles with hAudio microformats Articles with hCards All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from June Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from June Articles to be expanded from July All articles to be expanded Articles using small message boxes Wikipedia articles needing clarification from November CS1 errors: Al-Khwarizmi also wrote his own version of Sindhinddrawing on Al-Fazari’s version and incorporating Ptolemaic elements.


Previously, the sum 3 – 4, for example, was considered to be either meaningless or, at best, just zero. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The nature of squares: In some of the verses before verse 40, Brahmagupta gives constructions of various figures with arbitrary sides.

Brahmagupta wrote two main texts, both of brahmaguptq deal with arithmetic and astronomy. Brahmagupta became an astronomer of the Brahmapaksha school, one of the four major schools of Indian astronomy during his era. In addition to being an accomplished astronomer, he was also a much revered mathematician.

He is believed to have lived and worked in Bhinmal in present day Rajasthan, India, for a few years.

Keep Exploring Britannica Thomas Edison. Perhaps his most famous result was a formula for the area of a cyclic quadrilateral a four-sided polygon whose vertices all reside on some circle and bkography length of its diagonals in terms of the length of its sides.

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Brahmagupta then goes on to give the sum of the squares and cubes of the first n integers. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.

Later, Brahmagupta moved brahmagupha Ujjainwhich was also a major centre for astronomy.

Brahmagupta biography

Bigraphy page was last edited on 4 Novemberat When Sindh was conquered by Arabs, his work was translated into Arabic by an astronomer, Muhammad al-Fazari which led to the use of decimal number system in written discourse. The operations of multiplication and evolution the taking of rootsas well as unknown quantities, were represented by abbreviations of appropriate words.


Many of his important discoveries were written as poetry rather than as mathematical equations! Brahmagupta is credited to have given the most accurate of the early calculations of the length of the solar year. Besides being brahmagypta great mathematician he was an even brilliant astronomer who wrote several books on these subjects. In Brahmagupta’s case, the disagreements stemmed largely from the choice of astronomical parameters and theories.

Brahmagupta Biography

He also gave partial solutions to certain types of indeterminate equations of the second degree with two unknown variables. Brahmaguptaborn —died c. Other sociologists believed he might have belonged to Multan region.

More summaries and resources for teaching or studying Brahmagupta. You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Like the algebra of Diophantusthe algebra of Brahmagupta was syncopated.

He explains that since the Moon is closer to the Earth than the Sun, the degree of the illuminated part of the Moon depends on the relative positions of the Sun and the Moon, and this can be computed from the size of the angle between the two bodies. This current system is based on the Hindu Arabic number system and first appeared in Brahmasphutasiddhanta. It is generally believed that he was born in Ujjain.

At the end of a bright [i. After giving the value of pi, he deals with the geometry of plane figures and solids, such as finding volumes and surface areas or empty spaces dug out of solids. He is believed to have died sometime after AD. Brahma had different views on astronomical parameters and theories.